Pupils were allocated to their respective types of school according to their performance in the 11-plus examination.
Prior to 1944 the British secondary education system was fundamentally an ad hoc creation.
The novelty of this break would encourage the establishment of selection at the point when pupils were changing schools.
The 1944 Butler Education Act radically overhauled education in England and Wales.
We elicit each subject's belief twice: first ("prior belief"), after he observes his predecessors' action; second ("posterior belief"), after he observes a private signal on the value of the good.
We are therefore able to disentangle social learning from learning from a private signal.