Below: Panathenaic prize amphora in the black-figure style, showing the goddess Athena An amphora (Greek: Αμφορέας, English plural: amphorae or amphoras) is a type of container of a characteristic shape and size, descending from at least as early as the Neolithic Period.Amphorae were used in vast numbers for the transport and storage of various products, both liquid and dry, but mostly for wine.
Versions of the amphorae were one of many shapes used in Ancient Greek vase painting.
Heather and reeds might be used as packing around the vases. The base also concentrated deposits from liquids with suspended solid particles, such as olive oil and wines.
Amphorae are of great use to maritime archaeologists, as they often indicate the age of a shipwreck and the geographic origin of the cargo.
Amphorae designed for marine transport, taken from shipwrecks of the Bronze Age, on display in the Museum of Underwater Archaeology at Bodrum Castle, Turkey.
The museum archaeologists have devised a rack and roping device to illustrate how the cargo might have been kept from shifting.